Neuroanthropology

For a greater understanding of the encultured brain and body…

Alesha Sivartha and the Phrenology of Culture

Posted by dlende on September 20, 2008

BibliOdyssey featured the Brain Maps of Alesha Sivartha two years ago, a fantastical collection of illustrations created by Sivartha as part of his 1912 “The Book of Life: The Spiritual and Physical Constitution of Man.” You can explore the book some through Google, but the better spot to go is Sivartha’s great-great-grandson’s website which covers the book in some detail.

Sivartha goes well beyond the typical phrenology of the nineteenth century, which generally focused on individual traits (i.e., the “mind”) as located in specific parts of the brain. History and culture and religion find their way into Sivartha’s work, and even the brain/body. He might even be called an early representative of cultural neuroscience!

Indeed, I see the illustrations as showing us how problematic it can be to force cultural and social phenomena onto the metaphor or image of the brain. Our enthusiasm must be tempered by critical neuroscience and by neurocriticism. Everyday life matters greatly, whether while camping without worrying about culture or brains, or dwelling more specifically on our “everyday brain” or the flavors of cultural brain we might enjoy.

Still, I find Sivartha’s illustrations quite wonderful. Just like early anthropologists trying to cover all the important domains of one culture in one book, so Sivartha tries to jam everything in, to create an impossible representation. It doesn’t work, but the images do provide much to reflect upon.

3 Responses to “Alesha Sivartha and the Phrenology of Culture”

  1. [...] to a more recent post about the images in the blog Neuroanthropology, they are “the Brain Maps of Alesha Sivartha [...]

  2. Could you please let me know the cultural background of Alesha Sivartha? You are telling us Sivartha’s work goes back to 1912. What is the website of Sivartha’s great-great grandson?

    Thanks for sharing this information with rest of the world.

    Charles Mark

  3. dlende said

    Charles,
    The website is in the post itself, in that first paragraph. But I don’t know much beyond what’s there. Good luck searching.

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